A denture is a removable set of false teeth that is used to replace missing teeth in the mouth.

Purpose

Types
Complete denture
  • To replace all teeth in a dental arch.
  • A complete denture is held in the dental arch by the oral musculature; hence the denture must fit the oral mucosa well.
  • A complete denture can be placed over dental implants by attachment devices.

Materials

  • The base of the denture can be made of acrylic polymers or metal alloy.
  • The false teeth of the denture base can be made of acrylic.
  • Photograph of a complete denture.

Procedures for making a complete denture

  • Take impressions of the upper and lower dental arches and record the bite.
  • Fabricate a mock up denture in wax in the dental laboratory.
  • Try the mock up denture in the patient's mouth and make adjustment accordingly.
  • Process and finish the denture in the dental laboratory.
  • Insert the finished denture in the patient's mouth and make adjustments accordingly.
  • Photograph showing the appearance of a patient wearing a complete denture.

Partial denture
  • To replace some missing teeth in a dental arch.
  • Photograph showing the appearance of a patient without wearing denture.
    Before treatment

    Photograph showing the appearance of a patient after wearing denture.
    After treatment

  • The denture is stabilized in the mouth by metal clasps which extend from the denture base, holding onto the neighbouring natural teeth.
  • A partial denture can also be held by attachment devices to implants.

Materials

  • The denture base can be made of acrylic polymer or cobalt chromium.
  • The false teeth are made of acrylic.
  • Photograph of a partial denture.

Procedures for partial denture

  • Prepare some of the neighbouring natural teeth by judicious grinding to suit the denture design.
  • Take impressions of the upper and lower dental arches and record the bite.
  • Fabricate the metallic frame of the denture in the dental laboratory, and put the false teeth onto the frame by wax.
  • Try the denture frame in the patient's mouth and make adjustments accordingly.
  • Process and finish the denture in the dental laboratory.
  • Insert the finished denture in the patient's mouth and make adjustments accordingly.

Points to note about wearing dentures

Last revision date: 18 January 2012