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Oral Health Education Unit - FAQ - Oral Diseases

Frequently asked questions
 
Dental Services Oral Health Care Oral Diseases Oral Problems Teeth esthetic
Tooth eruption Teeth and
Periodontal Tissue Problem
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The Dental Profession

Oral Diseases

Periodontal Disease

Is gingival bleeding normal? What causes gingival bleeding?

If I am suffering from periodontal disease, would it help to take vitamins?

I have been suffering from gingival bleeding and bad breath for a long time. I'm feeling very annoyed and myself-esteem is low. What should I do?

My teeth appear to be a bit long, but there is no bleeding when I brush and I don'tt have any toothache. Do I have periodontal disease?

Does Periodontal Disease heal by itself if it is left untreated?

Dental Caries

Are there any medications that treat dental caries?

My toothache is so bad that it affects my sleep. I'm suffering a lot. What can I do? What are the pain control methods?

Does sugar-less chewing gum reduce chances of dental caries?

Recurrent Herpetic Labialis (Cold Sore)

What is a Cold Sore? What causes a Cold Sore? What should be done if I have a Cold Sore?

Aphthous Ulcer (Canker Sore)

What should I do if I'm having a Canker Sore which is causing a lot of discomfort? What causes a Canker Sore? How can I avoid getting a Canker Sore again?



1. Is gingival bleeding normal? What causes gingival bleeding?
Healthy gingivae (gum) doesn't bleed without a cause. If bleeding is frequent when brushing, you may be suffering from Periodontal Disease. Periodontal disease is caused by the accumulation of dental plaque at the margin of the gingivae. Toxins are released from the dental plaque and cause irritation to periodontal tissues. Inflamed gingivae will bleed when it is touched.
 
 



2. If I am suffering from periodontal disease, would it help to take vitamins?
If you are suffering from periodontal disease, it is best for you to seek treatments such as scaling, root planing, and periodontal surgery from a dentist. Please refer to" gum disease" section of this website. Aside from receiving treatment, you should also thoroughly clean your teeth. Taking vitamin supplements does not help treating periodontal disease.
 
 



3.
I have been suffering from gingival bleeding and bad breath for a long time. I'm feeling very annoyed and my self esteem is low. What should I do?
If you have been suffering from gingival bleeding and bad breath for a long period of time, it is very possible that you have periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is caused by the accumulation of dental plaque at the margin of the gingivae. Toxins are released from the dental plaque and cause irritation to periodontal tissues. That's why you have been experiencing gingival bleeding and bad breath. You should go seek treatment from a dentist as soon as possible. At the same time, you should especially pay attention to your oral hygiene. Brush every morning and evening before bed with fluoride toothpaste as well as clean the adjacent surfaces of your teeth with dental floss. However, in some rare cases, gingival bleeding and bad breath are caused by other health problems. If your situation hasn't improved after dental treatment, you should go and see a doctor for a body check-up. Please refer to the section "Bad breath" for more information.
 
 



4.
My teeth appear to be a bit long, but there is no bleeding when I brush and I don't have any toothache. Do I have periodontal disease?
When your teeth appear to be long, your gingivae (gum) may have receded, causing the roots of your teeth to be exposed. Gingival recession is mainly caused by:

1) Periodontal Disease

Although gingival bleeding is one of the symptoms of periodontal disease, if the bristles of your toothbrush don't even contact the margin of the gingivae when you brush, bleeding will not occur even if you have periodontal disease.

2) Excessive force when brushing

Excessive force when brushing will also cause gingival recession.

However, aside from the above mentioned causes, there are also other factors that can lead to gingival recession. Therefore, you should go and see a dentist as soon as possible for a detailed check-up to find out the reasons why your teeth appear to be longer and then receive appropriate treatment. You will also need to seek advice from the dentist on oral health care methods to prevent the situation from getting worse.

Please refer to the "Periodontal Disease" and "Oral Care Tips" for details information.
 
 



5. Does Periodontal Disease heal by itself if it is left untreated?
Periodontal Disease requires appropriate treatment in order to be cured. Periodontal disease is caused by the accumulation of dental plaque at the margin of the gingivae. If it is not removed, it will be calcified and become calculus. In order to get periodontal disease treated, you must see a dentist and he will provide according to your need, treatments such as scaling or root planing to completely remove calculus and dental plaque. If you think that you are suffering from periodontal disease, you should go see a dentist as soon as possible to avoid further delay of treatment and worsening of your condition.
 
 



6. Are there any medications that treat dental caries?
If you have dental caries, it is best to seek treatment from a dentist as soon as possible. If you only have incipient caries (early stage caries that affects only enamel), the dentist only needs to apply topical fluoride to treat the caries lesion. However, if the caries has already spread into the dentine, a filling is necessary, because filling is the only method that can control the decay. Medication cannot treat dental caries.
 
 



7.
My toothache is so bad that it affects my sleep. I'm suffering a lot. What can I do? What are the pain control methods?
If your tooth is aching so badly that it is keeping you from sleeping, it is possible that the pulp of the tooth is inflamed and causes pain. Pain killer cannot eliminate this kind of pain caused by acute pulpal inflammation. You should go seek treatment from a dentist as soon as possible to avoid continuous pain that affects sleep.
 
 



8. Does sugar-less chewing gum reduce chances of dental caries?
For information about sugar-less gum, please refer to "Sugarless chewing gum" of "Oral Care Tips"
 
 



9.
What is a Cold Sore? What causes a Cold Sore? What should be done if I have a Cold Sore?
For information about Cold Sore, please refer to "Recurrent Herpetic Labialis (Cold Sore)"
 
 



10.
What should I do if I'm having a Canker Sore which is causing a lot of discomfort? What causes a Canker Sore? How can I avoid getting a Canker Sore again?
For information about Canker Sore, please refer to "Aphthous Ulcer (Canker Sore)" of "Oral Problem"
 
 




 
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